Our Curriculum at Lakenheath Community Primary School – 2020 and beyond
We are developing a curriculum that incorporates the statutory requirements of the National Curriculum  while also meeting the specific learning and developmental needs of the pupils at our school. The aim for our new curriculum is for pupils to have the requisite skills and knowledge to be successful, independent, motivated and knowledgeable learners for their next stage of education. This is further complemented by the school’s values of respect, relationships, resilience, risk taking, resourcefulness and reflection.
We are in a transitional phase with our curriculum moving towards clear, focused learning outcomes for each subject area and revisiting key learning regularly so that learning is truly understood and embedded. This will ensure that our children move on to secondary school with the necessary core skills and knowledge alongside a greater depth of understanding. We are aiming for a curriculum that has links throughout a year, links across the subjects and links year on year.
Leadership at Lakenheath Community Primary is shared. There are leaders for each subject and they are responsible for ensuring the breadth of coverage and progression of skills within their subject across the whole school. They are not always experts in their subject but they are responsible and accountable for the development of their subject, standards within it and meeting the training needs of staff.
It is our intent to develop a curriculum that is fun, enjoyable and purposeful. It should develop all aspects of learning, enabling children to make links to previous experiences and become life-long learners.
At Lakenheath Community Primary School we have mixed age classes from Y1 to Y6. EYFS are taught the early years’ curriculum through a play based approach. We aim not to cross the key stages so years 1 and 2 are mixed across three classes, then years 3 and 4 and finally years 5 and 6. Where this is not possible we think carefully about the mix of ages and the children’s needs to create classes where we can meet all their ability requirements.
We have now run a traditional mixed year arrangement since September 2018 and therefore have developed a 2 year rolling programme, Plans A and B. The subjects are timetabled so that they are taught daily – such as English and Maths, weekly – music, RE. PSHE or several times a week – PE, Science, Humanities. There are times where subjects may be blocked into half terms or focus weeks to ensure quality teaching – History, Art, Geography, D&T. There is no hard and fast rule regarding the organisation of the lessons as we respond to the topics being taught and tailor the curriculum for the children in each year.
We currently use a number of schemes and resources to support our teaching. These include, but are not exclusive to:
White Rose Maths – this is used from EYFS to Y6
The Power of Reading – this is the basis for both reading and writing across the whole school
Letters and Sounds - phonics for KS1 and above
Flying with phonics [adapted to fit with letters and Sounds – phonics and handwriting for EYFS
Nessy and Dancing bears – phonics support schemes
Accelerated Reader – reading for Y2 to Y6
Rigolo – French for KS2
Cambridgeshire PE – PE for whole school
Membership of the Forest Heath Primary School Sports Association (FHPSSA) - access to courses, tournaments, CPD etc.
Our curriculum is further supported by a variety of enrichment days, trips, visitors and activities which are part funded by the local charity, ‘Goward and Evans’. We believe that education is more than just class based learning. We use trips and visits to broaden the experiences of all our children as they add hands-on learning, real-life situations and out of class opportunities. Some recent examples include:
We have a Forest School on-site, which children from EYFS access regularly and groups of children throughout the school have experience of through weekly sessions or one off Forest days.
The impact of our newly revised curriculum should be children with a passion for learning with good attitudes and behaviour for learning. We aim for the majority of our pupils to reach the age related expectations for the end of each year and key stage. This is assessed using national testing [Y1 phonics, Y2 SATS, Y4 times tables screening, Y6 SATS] as well as through teacher assessments and ongoing quiz-style assessments and activities.
We aim to give all our children the key skills as set out in the national curriculum as well as a broad and balanced knowledge enabling them to go on to the next phase of their education ready to become life-long learners.
Please click on the link below to compare performance tables
At Lakenheath Community Primary School, high quality literacy is at the heart of our creative curriculum. English unites the important skills of speaking and listening, reading, writing, spelling and grammar. Our aim is to develop our pupils’ skills in all these areas by providing them with consistently exciting and challenging learning opportunities. We aim for children to be reflective readers, independent writers and confident speakers.
Competence in reading is the key to independent learning and therefore the teaching of reading is given a high priority by all staff. We understand how success in reading has a direct impact on progress in all areas of the curriculum and is crucial in developing children’s self-esteem, confidence and motivation. At Lakenheath, we are committed to children reading and/or hearing stories every day and now include daily sessions where everyone reads in class in KS2. We have also begun to use the Accelerated Reader scheme in KS2 which allows reading and comprehension to be more closely monitored. In KS1 the class teacher and other adults will hear every child read at least once a week. There is also a reading challenge in KS1 where incentives are offered for regular reading.
Through a combination of guided reading and whole class shared texts, children are exposed to a wide range of literature daily. To add to this, as part of home learning, we expect children to read daily. We appreciate this is not easy for all children so our policy is that these children will have extra opportunities to read either independently or with an adult during the school day.
Throughout the year, we have reading challenges such as ‘Bingo Cards’ to complete and run reading cafés where children can enjoy stories and activities with their parents.
Writing is a cross-curricular skill and contexts and purposes for writing are embedded in our creative curriculum approach. We aim to ensure that all writing experiences are enjoyable, and purposeful. As well as linking to topics, teachers use drama, film, picture books and current affairs to inspire writing.
Our approach aims to ensure children master different genres and purposes for writing each half term. These purposes include: writing to entertain; writing to persuade; writing to inform and writing to discuss.
Through shared writing, teachers model new skills, discuss types of writing and extend creative ideas. Emphasis is placed upon the process of writing as well as the product, and pupils are encouraged and helped to redraft writing where necessary. Handwriting is also a focus and cursive handwriting is being introduced through the school.
All children in school have a ‘best folder’ for writing which stays with them through school and includes all their best independent work. High quality presentation is awarded and celebrated in our assemblies and PRIDE certificates are issued for high quality independent work.
Phonics is taught daily to every child in EYFS and up to three times a week in KS1. Children in KS1 are grouped by ability to ensure that the teaching is at the appropriate level for every child. We use a variety of planning tools to support our phonics teaching and follow the letters and sounds programme. Children who need further support in KS2 have opportunities for extra intervention in phonics and children in all KS2 classes will have a weekly spelling rule to focus on which will be appropriate for their age group.
Maths at Lakenheath CPS
The 2014 mathematics curriculum identifies that the learning of mathematical skills is fundamental to understanding the world around us:
"It is essential to everyday life, critical to science, technology and engineering, and necessary for financial literacy and most forms of employment."
2014 National Curriculum
At Lakenheath we aim to provide our children with high quality, engaging and enjoyable learning experiences with links to the real world to help foster an enjoyment and enthusiasm for mathematics. We are committed to promoting positive attitudes towards the subject amongst pupils and adults alike. An early and vital foundation built on basic number work and simple mathematical experiences is fundamental to a child’s achievement and success in this subject. It is very important that children experience maths in practical situations particularly in their early years. Children are continually assessed throughout their time in school and their progress is carefully monitored and recorded.
The school follows a mastery approach which aims to build a strong foundation for the acquisition of mathematics knowledge and skills in later years. Our curriculum emphasises conceptual understanding, skills proficiency, learning of process skills and focuses on mathematical problem solving. It is rooted in current research into best practice in mathematics teaching and is based on the reforms to the Primary mathematics programme of study that become statutory in 2014.
We are dedicated to guiding our children towards mastery in key mathematical concepts for their age group to ensure progress and avoid gaps in their knowledge and understanding that could create barriers to learning as they progress through the school. Assessment for learning strategies are integral to our practice alongside fluency, variation, investigations and problem solving to promote mathematical thinking. To ensure that we are able to provide a high quality curriculum, the development and constant review of adults' knowledge and understanding is fundamental to our approach towards the subject.
We aim to provide high quality learning experiences to enable pupils to become numerate, creative, independent, inquisitive, enquiring and confident individuals.
Our pupils should:
At Lakenheath Primary School, we use the White Rose Scheme to structure and support our Mathematics teaching. It is used by many schools across the country and is a mastery approach. It fully complies with the 2014 National Curriculum and enables our teachers to carefully plan for progression within and between their daily lessons. It uses a CPA model – concrete, pictorial, abstract – to introduce children to mathematical skills and concepts using apparatus, images and models to aid and deepen their learning. Each strand of mathematics has stepped learning intentions designed to both support and challenge the children in their maths learning as well as elements of fluency (learning number facts) and variation (tackling problems from lots of different angles.) Alongside the White Rose programme, our teachers embed the use of Assessment for Learning in order to progress check and give feedback to the children about their learning. Each child is aware of what they are learning and how to be successful in their learning through shared learning intentions. We enjoy learning contextualised, real life mathematics.
Most children have a natural curiosity about their world asking "Why?", "How?” and "What will happen if?". The teaching of science builds on this, helping to develop the basic knowledge, skills and understanding the children will need to enable them to cope with a life increasingly influenced by science.
Science is taught in a standalone lesson throughout the school, with a subject designated book, however where possible it is thematically linked to the current overriding topic area. Long term planning has been completed as a whole school activity ensuring coverage of the national curriculum requirements during a 2 year rolling programme. Short term and individual lesson are planned by the teaching team in each year group.
Scientific work is based in the following areas.
All children are encouraged to develop their investigative skills by carrying out practical activities so that they can see themselves as scientists. They work in a scientific way: making observations; asking why things are the way they are and what happens when things change; recording and reporting their findings; grouping and classifying; carrying out comparative tests; drawing conclusions. Additionally, children are taught to select and use equipment safely to carry out their own experiments and link their experiences with major scientific ideas. Where children learn to develop an enquiring approach when faced with new situations and are encouraged to make informed conclusions.
Science is currently taught for the equivalent of two hours per week in upper key stage 2 and one hour in lower key stage 2 and key stage 1.
Science where possible is taught through practical lessons, with investigations taking place in all classes at least once every half term. Cross curricular learning also takes place through the rest of the curriculum, particularly when the overriding topic has a scientific lead.
Scientific language, mathematical recording and reading of graphs link areas of the curriculum through themes such as healthy living, (PSHE) exploration (humanities) and our sporting world (PE).
Beneficial use is also made of trips and visits, visiting workshops and speakers. This enhances the children learning and enjoyment of the subject. This year we are also taking part in a pilot scheme with the Suffolk Wildlife Trust to encourage the children’s love of the natural world and to increase the use of outdoor learning.
Assessment in key stage 1 is made mainly based on teacher observations as well as learning recorded in the children’s books. Some key stage 2 learning is also assessed with an end of unit test.
At Lakenheath we use technology to help raise the standards of learning for all pupils. Computers and other forms of technology are an everyday fact in today’s world, so it is vital that the children are aware of their influence and develop safe and confident attitudes in using them. Staff and governors are aware of the need to embrace new technologies in the future and therefore work hard to adapt and improve our technical facilities and ensure they are utilised as fully as possible across the curriculum.
Throughout the school, pupils have access to an ICT suite, mobile computing and multi-media devices. These allow pupils to be taught within the whole class, in small groups or as individuals. Pupils use computers, digital cameras, audio equipment and other specialist tools to support learning in many curriculum areas. They have access to and experience a variety of different software applications including: Office, Scratch, photo art and drawing, systems flow and programming software as well as fast, filtered Internet access. The Computing curriculum has been redesigned and now we will be working to develop digitally literate pupils who are at home with the keyboard as well as the pen. We use the Scheme 'Switched on Computing' to support our teaching of computing. Technology will be used in all subject areas to develop digital literacy and in computing lessons specifically, pupils will gain an understanding of the fundamental principles of computing and a basic knowledge of programming.
The safety of our children is the upmost importance to us, so we have a big focus on teaching our children how to keep safe on line. As a school we celebrate safer internet day, every year, we also dedicate other times to help our children remember the rules to keep safe online.
The teaching of a modern foreign language at Lakenheath Primary School
At Lakenheath Primary School we have decided, as a result of collaboration with the local secondary schools, to teach French as our Modern Foreign Language.
The national curriculum states that the purpose of teaching a foreign language is to, ‘foster pupils curiosity and deepen their understanding of the world,’ as well as to help them to, ‘understand and respond to its speakers, both in speech and in writing,’ and, ‘provide opportunities for them to communicate for practical purposes.’
With this as a mandate, language lessons cover the culture and geography of France as well as learning the language. The majority of our focus is on oral work with an emphasis on practical communication for everyday situations. As the pupils knowledge progresses more reading and writing is introduced although speaking and listening remains our priority.
Our aim is for children to receive teaching of between 30 minutes and 1 hour each week during which we use the Rigolo scheme of work to guide our teaching. This is a particularly good scheme because it allows the children to listen to words and phrases spoken by a native French speaker. It also includes animations and games for the class interactive white boards which the children enjoy joining in with. This is supplemented with games, songs and story books to vary lessons and retain pupil interest.
Physical education (PE) is described as the only curriculum subject whose focus combines the body and physical competence with values-based learning and communication, which provides a learning gateway to grow the skills required for success.
PE at Lakenheath Community Primary School uses the programmes of study for Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 set out by the National Curriculum in England. We follow a scheme of work written by Cambridgeshire county council and adapt this to meet the needs of all children. Pupils cover three areas of sport at KS1 – gymnastics, games and dance whilst focusing on developing the fundamental movement skills. In KS2 pupils cover six areas of sport– gymnastics, games, dance, athletics, swimming and outdoor and adventurous activates. All children in KS2 (Year 3/4) learn to swim at a fantastic local pool and are taught by fully qualified instructors. As it is a statutory requirement, we aim to ensure that all children can swim at least 25 metres before they leave Lakenheath Community Primary School.
Each classes time table guarantees that all children receive at least 2 PE sessions per week, we also provide regular opportunities for children to participate in local competitive sporting events including cross country running, football, netball, gymnastics, dance athletics, hockey and tag- rugby through our membership to the Forest Heath School Sports Partnership. At Lakenheath we offer a variety of extra-curricular clubs that are available for children in EY, KS1 and KS2 to attend. The school has a range of fantastic facilities for both indoor and outdoor sports such as; a ball court, an indoor hall and a large playing field.
Geography is one of the main subject leads for our cross curricular topics and is also taught discretely as appropriate. Learning in geography inspires in the children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people.
This begins in Early Years and Key Stage 1 by looking at our familiar local environment. The children also learn about different continents and oceans in addition to identifying characteristics of the four countries and capitals of the UK and its surrounding seas. The compare and contrast the human and physical geography of a small area of the UK and a European country. The children will develop and use simple geographical vocabulary and observational skills to study the geography of the local area as well as learning how to use maps, atlases, aerial photographs and globes. They will also use compass directions to map locations. Each year they will have the opportunity to undertake fieldwork in the local area to track physical and human change to the local environment.
In Key Stage 2 the children broaden their geographical understanding and locational skills beyond their immediate area to include a study of the UK, Europe and North and South America and develop their awareness of some of the world’s most significant human and geographical features. By comparing and contrasting different regions the children will develop understanding of physical features such as climate, biomes, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and explore the effects of human activity on the geography through settlements, economic activity and the use of natural resources. Children will continue to develop geographical skills through fieldwork and the use of maps, globes and digital mapping. They will be able to use the eight points of a compass and observe, measure, record and present their findings relating to features in the local area.
History is the other main subject lead for our cross curricula topics that is taught across the school as part of a two year cycle. The knowledge and skills of history are incorporated into the topic lessons where children learn about different aspects of British history as well as that of the wider world.
It begins in Early Years where the learning is very much focused on the memories of the child. They are asked to remember a special event or routine or custom for their family and talk about differences between different family members or different generations.
This is built upon in Key Stage 1 where children develop their awareness of the past and learn about specific people or events that are both within and beyond living history. They will learn about lives of significant individuals of the past who have contributed to national and international achievements and study significant historical events, people and places in their own locality. They will learn how these people and events fit within a chronological time line and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. Children will also understand how we find our information about the past and ask and answer questions to show they understand key features of events.
In Key Stage 2 children continue to develop their chronological understanding and knowledge of British, local and world history. They will do this by covering various areas of the curriculum for history including: changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age, the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain, Anglo Saxons and their settlements as well as their struggle with the Vikings, how World War II affected our local area, Ancient Egyptians, Ancient Greece and Benin. They will make links with their previous learning that they have done through school and use a range of sources to research and find clues and evidence of what happened. Children also take note of connections, contrasts and trends over time addressing and creating questions about this as they go. Their learning is also integrated within other lessons to enable links to be made between topics and to achieve cross curricular understanding.
We have been working with Suffolk County Council to develop a scheme of work to ensure our pupils are starting to develop skills for life which will enable them to be successful in the world of work when they leave school. This piece of work is currently aimed at Year 6 but we aim to thread it through the curriculum for the rest of the school shortly.
Please see the documents below for the broad overview of these skills.
PSHE and citizenship education plays a vital role in ‘promot[ing] the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental, physical development of pupils at school and in society’ (2014 National Curriculum Framework document). In addition, the skills learnt through PSHE prepare pupils for life beyond the classroom. Pupils are encouraged to develop self-awareness and take responsibility for themselves, their feelings and actions.
Through the delivery of PSHE, our children are educated in how to make constructive life choices. They are supported to make healthy life style changes, demonstrate confident and become independent members of society. This will enable them to making reflective and well thought out decisions, allowing them to positive contributions within a diverse multicultural community. PSHE also supports many of the principles, outlined and adhered to within the school’s safeguarding policy.
PSHE promotes the exploration of topics such as empathy, managing feelings, self-awareness, social skills and motivation. Children are encouraged to see themselves as valued individuals within a community, whether this is the classroom, school or wider world. They are also coached in methods and techniques which will help them to successfully contribute to the building of a welcoming, safe and fair learning community for all. PSHE helps children develop as confident, responsible citizens and helps to promote good self-esteem.
At times, throughout school life, children might feel overwhelmed with different emotions such as; happiness and excitement, sadness, anxiety and fearfulness. PSHE helps children practise shared models for ‘calming down’ and ‘problem solving’ skills to allow fluid transitions and focused learning. As children build learning skills of cooperation and tolerance, and recognise diversity, they are more able to work together in groups, manage emotions and resolve peer conflict. They develop a greater understanding of friendships, their own strengths and weaknesses and personal goal-setting.
We use a range of teaching and learning styles. Group work, ‘circle time’ discussion, role-play, and debates form a central part of our classroom PSHE teaching, but there are also opportunities for quiet reflection time. We encourage the children to take part in a range of whole school activities that promote active citizenship and healthy lifestyles, e.g. charity fundraising (Children in Need, Comic Relief, Christmas shoebox appeal etc.), participation in school events such as themed colour days and assemblies, local sports and arts events, pupil questionnaires, school and Eco-council activities and healthy living competitions (e.g. walk to school days, lunchbox awards, design a school dinner challenges, sleep, diet and exercise diary projects). We offer children the opportunity to hear visiting speakers, such as members of the police or fire service, and representatives from the local church or charities, whom we invite to talk about their role in creating a positive and supportive local community. A culture of achievement is promoted within the school through the celebration of pupils’ accomplishments in lessons and Collective Worship. Year 5 and 6 children are encouraged to be ambassadors of the school, by undertaking special tasks and duties, e.g. family captains and vice captains, buddying of younger children and earning leadership recognition.
‘The best classroom and the richest cupboard is roofed only by the sky’ (Margaret McMillan)
At Lakenheath we believe that learning outdoors is great for children’s confidence, self -esteem, wellbeing and problem solving skills. It provides opportunities for the most memorable learning experiences and helps children to make sense of the world around them by putting their learning into a meaningful context.
We believe that every child should experience the world beyond the classroom as an essential part of their learning and personal development.
We are lucky to have areas in our school grounds which support our belief in outdoor learning, the field, pond, forest area and the outdoor classroom
Later in this academic year we will be starting to run Forest School sessions for some year groups in school.
If you would like more information about Forest Schools please visit
Art is considered an important part of our curriculum as it contributes to essential aspects of a child’s personal development such as creativity, independence, judgement and self-reflection. Projects are often related to topics being studied but are modelled to progress from first-hand experimentation and the acquisition of skills and technical knowledge to applying what has been learned with new independence and purpose, enabling pupils to become self-aware and confident learners. All work is enriched by the study of artists and craftsman from a variety of times and cultures.
In an increasingly technological world, it is important that children are aware of how design and technology can affect and influence their lives and that they develop the capability to solve problems using their knowledge and skills in this area. In DT, we follow the programmes of study for key stages 1 and 2 for the National Curriculum in England, which can be found here. Across all key stages, children are given opportunities to:
The children are helped to develop an increasingly independent and evaluative approach to working. DT is usually taught through Topic themes, for example designing and constructing a room in a Victorian dolls’ house during the Victorians topic. If this is not possible, pupils are regularly given opportunities to learn through DT as part of the wider curriculum and cross-curricular links are made whenever possible.
At Lakenheath we follow the Emmanuel Project scheme of work which is line with Suffolk R.E. Syllabus, using the 'Learning About Religion and Belief' and 'Learning From Religion and Belief' aims, to help understand and reflect upon the beliefs of those from different cultures and faiths.
All children are invited to reflect upon their own beliefs and values in this context, asking 'I wonder' questions. This is encouraged through hands-on activities and reflective opportunities in school and in the local community. The children also have opportunity to explore RE as a whole school during special assemblies which link to religious festivals from across the world.
The Department for Education state that there is a need “to create and enforce a
clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote the fundamental British
values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and
tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.” The government set out its
definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy and these values were
reiterated by the Prime Minister in 2014.
At Lakenheath Community Primary School we promote the British Values in our daily
expectations for all our children, in PSHE lessons, in assemblies, in RE and
wherever possible through all other areas of the curriculum.
Democracy is embedded at the school. Pupils are always listened to by adults and
are taught to listen carefully and with concern to each other, respecting the right of
every individual to have their opinions and voices heard. Pupils also have the
opportunity to air their opinions and ideas through our School Council and
questionnaires. The elections of the School Council members and Family Captains
are based solely on pupil votes, reflecting our British electoral system and
demonstrating democracy in action.
The Rule of Law
The importance of laws whether they are those that govern the class, the school or
the country, are consistently reinforced throughout our school day, through our
school assemblies and also when dealing with behaviour in school. We encourage
our pupils to distinguish right from wrong and help pupils to understand that living
under the rule of law protects individuals. Our pupils are taught the value and
reasons behind laws, that they govern and protect us, the responsibilities that this
involves and the consequences when laws are broken. Visits from the Police, Fire
Service etc. also help to reinforce our messages.
Within school, pupils are actively encouraged to make choices, knowing that they are
in a safe and supportive environment. As a school we educate and provide
boundaries for our pupils to make choices safely, through the provision of a safe
environment and an empowering education. We support pupils to develop their selfknowledge,
self-esteem and self-confidence. Our pupils are encouraged to know,
understand and exercise their rights and personal freedoms and are advised how to
exercise these safely; examples of this can be clearly seen in our e-safety and PSHE
lessons. We implement a strong anti-bullying culture and pride ourselves on being a
school that encourages pupils to have a voice.
At the heart of our whole school ethos is a commitment to the 6 Rs. These are also
rules to live by and we aim for all individuals to be able to live happy and successful
lives within the communities to which they belong. Respect is promoted across
school. The pupils know and understand that it is expected and imperative that
respect is shown to everyone, whatever differences we may have and to everything,
however big or small. Our children are given regular opportunities to learn within
their community and beyond, each time an emphasis is placed on respecting those
with whom they come into contact and their surroundings. A wide range of extracurricular
clubs and participation in a number of sports activities are offered. These
provide other opportunities for mutual respect to be secured in the attitudes of our
pupils, both amongst those participating from their own setting, and any visiting staff
Tolerance of Those With Different Faiths And Beliefs
Our 6Rs promote tolerance of those who have different faiths and beliefs. We aim to
teach our pupils understanding of different faiths and beliefs through religious
education studies; PSHE work and welcoming a range of visitors.